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DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A BMI MACHINE USING LOAD CELL AND ULTRASONIC SENSOR

Here we propose an automated BMI calculator system that does not need the user to input anything. The user just needs to stand on a platform and the system displays BMI as well as body type of user. The system uses load cells for weight sensing along with an ultrasonic sensor for height measurement. Now the system uses a microcontroller based circuit to get values of user height and weight. Based on the values the system calculates BMI and then uses an LCD display to display the values to user. Now the system displays the BMI calculated as well as the body type of user on LCD display.

 

 

Original price was: ₦ 3,000.00.Current price is: ₦ 2,999.00.

Description

Here we propose an automated BMI calculator system that does not need the user to input anything. The user just needs to stand on a platform and the system displays BMI as well as body type of user. The system uses load cells for weight sensing along with an ultrasonic sensor for height measurement. Now the system uses a microcontroller based circuit to get values of user height and weight. Based on the values the system calculates BMI and then uses an LCD display to display the values to user. Now the system displays the BMI calculated as well as the body type of user on LCD display.

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0                                                        INTRODUCTION

1.1                                         BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT

Body Mass Index, can approximately calculates the total fat of the person present in the body. BMI is based on the two variables such as height and weight of the person. Even tough, the BMI does not give an exact measurement of total body fatness but according to many researches on BMI, one thing is clearly obtain that it is correlated with total body fat like other methods of body fat calculation, such as dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and underwater weighing techniques [1], [2]. BMI is a widely used method compared to other body fat detection techniques due to its inexpensiveness and ease of calculating health risks related to obesity.

In this work a body mass index machine was built using load cell and ultrasonic sensor. The load cell or a weighing mechanism, which is used to calculate the body weight of a person, and an ultrasonic is used height calculating mechanism, which is use to calculate the height of a person. The weight of the person is calculated in Kilograms and the height in meters in accordance of the BMI standard formula [3]. The microcontroller based automated Body Mass Index calculator is a useful device when it comes to controlling your weight and maintaining a healthy life style. The calculated weight of the person through load cell, converts the mechanical force into electrical signals that can be easily obtain after processing through microcontroller. While the height of the person is calculated by the ultrasound sensor with built-in transmit and receive circuitry as when it transits the ultrasound signal by transmitter, it reflect back to the receiver after striking the object or person and height is then calculated by multiplying the speed of the ultrasound signal and the time taken by the it to return back to the sensor. All this data is manipulated through microcontroller and then the result is displayed on the LCD display.

The aim of the project was to design a BMI unit which gives numeric value and this numeric value gives a percentage which correlates to the body fat composition. If the numeric value is less than 20, the person will consider as underweight and person will be considered healthy it the value lies between 20 and 25. Above 25 is considered as overweight and above 35 is considered as Obese. In such case we require a precise instrument to calculate percent body fat like immersion tank. Two people having same weight might not float on the same level due to the difference in Body fat composition. BMI is useful tool for health related professional and investigators in some cases where risks of death are high for the overweight person, one extra pound can put a person on critical situation. People with coronary heart problems are one of them. Fat in our body increases which blocks the veins and arises different problems. The automatic or the electronic body mass calculator could be a useful tool to overcome the margin of errors

1.2                                                  PROBLEM STATEMENT

Over-weight is a problem in our society today which is mostly found in among women. Overweight and obese individuals are at increased risk for many diseases and health conditions, including the, high blood pressure, high LDL cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol, diabetes, plaque in arteries of heart, heart Stroke, gallbladder infection, degenerative joint disease, respiratory problems, and breast cancer. The worst side of overweight is that people who are over-weighted don’t know when they got to such level of weight. BMI is only an approximation for determining potential weight problems but it cannot be used as a diagnostic tool. A person will be on a great risk if they have a high BMI. Through these measurements physician can recommend different health risk related to weight. For example Skin fold measurements, fitness of a person, nutritionist can decide the diet of a person, and other screening of person’s health. However, the invention of this device is to help the user monitor their weight on their own without visiting hospitals.

1.3                                                   AIM OF THE PROJECT

The aim of the project was to design a microcontroller based automated Body Mass Index (BMI) calculator with LCD display, which calculates the body mass index using the two basic parameters that are weight and height which also gives numeric value and this numeric value gives a percentage which correlates to the body fat composition using load cell and ultrasonic sensor.

1.4                                            OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT

At the end of this work, student involved shall be able:

  1. To calculate the body mass index electronically
  2. Study and understand the function and working principle of the load cell and ultrasonic sensor.
  • To build a device that replaces the old method of calculating a body mass index.

1.5                                              PURPOSE OF THE PROJECT

The purpose of this work is to provide a fast, reliable and displayable means of measuring body mass index.

1.6                                         APPLICATIONS OF THE PROJECT

The automatic Body mass index calculator has many applications in the vast field of biomedical engineering. Biomedical engineering is about the application of engineering in the field of medicine. The electronic BMI is such a device which is used in Hospitals, Clinics, and even Pharmacies. It can be placed at Gyms, Airports, Hotels, Bus Stands and other social places as well. Obesity as we all know is the leading cause of death nowadays, either directly or indirectly. And BMI is the most convenient and most efficient measure of obesity. Our particular project aims to provide a further convenient way to measure BMI as it removes the hassle of calculations. It can also be used for commercial purposes by installing a fool proof coin acceptor system.

1.7                                                 SCOPE OF THE PROJECT

BMI machine is a modern, elegant, and importantly an accurate electro medical device that will measure one’s height and weight in just a matter of a minute. Its main features are as, measuring of height and weight, Calculates body mass index, displays the output on the LCD screen, easy to operate with minimum user interactions, accurate results.

1.8                                                        METHODOLOGY

In building this project, the abstract, block diagram and the working principle of the project was studied, followed by drafting out a schematic diagram and arrangement the entire materials / components on the vero board, testing the completed system to see if the design works and finally, implementation of design of the project. The block diagram of the work is as below:

1.9                                                         PROJECT ORGANISATION

The work is organized as follows: chapter one discuses the introductory part of the work, chapter two presents the background literature review of the work, chapter three describes the methods applied, chapter four discusses the results and system test, chapter five summarizes the research outcomes and the recommendations.

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