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Design And Construction Of An Automated Bottle Filling System

Liquid filling machine is used in beverage and bottling industries. Some of the filling machine is commercialized as water vending machine where by Reverse Osmosis water can be brought from by using money.

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Description

 

ABSTRACT

Liquid filling machine is used in beverage and bottling industries. Some of the filling machine is commercialized as water vending machine where by Reverse Osmosis water can be brought from by using money. The machine found in the market is high in price, requires complex changes in hardware and program configuration if varied liquid volume is required to be filled and most of the time; it is not fully automatic. The purpose of this project is to develop an automatic liquid filling machine. Microcontroller is used as the controller to control the automatic operation of this machine where the machine consists of conveyor system and filling stations. Microcontroller is selected as the controller because it is easier to learn and the compact size makes it easier to attach it with the system. The automatic liquid filling machine is developed to be lower in price compare to the other filling machines in the market. The machine is also easy to operate and user friendly, where simple steps are needed to operate the machine. The machine controller is also portable and can be attached with conveyor system or can be left standalone.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

COVER PAGE

TITLE PAGE

APPROVAL PAGE

DEDICATION

ACKNOWELDGEMENT

ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION
  • BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT
  • PROBLEM STATEMENT
  • AIM AND OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT
  • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PROJECT
  • SCOPE OF THE PROJECT
  • LIMITATION OF THE PROJECT
  • PROJECT ORGANISATION

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

  • REVIEW OF THE STUDY
  • OVERVIEW OF FILLING MACHINE
  • REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES

CHAPTER THREE

METHODS AND MATERIALS

  • METHODS
  • FLOWCHART AND WORKING
  • COMPONENTS SELECTION AND HARDWARE DESCRIPTION
  • ASSEMBLY OF COMPONENTS

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0      TEST AND RESULT ANALYSIS

  • CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURE
  • RESULT

CHAPTER FIVE

  • CONCLUSION
  • RECOMMENDATION
  • REFERENCES

CHAPTER ONE

1.0                                                              INTRODUCTION

1.1                                                      BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Filling is defined as the method in which liquid is packed into the bottle such as water and other beverages. It can be automated by using Arduino. In the modern world, arduino is used for this purpose. Arduino is the major element of the whole process. It is a powerful device to control the production system. It is used as a digital computer to automate industrial activities. It has many input and output unit, a CPU and a memory. It gives output results according to the condition of input. It is prepared for the replacement of relay circuit.

In small industries bottle filling operation is done manually. The manual filling process has many shortcomings like spilling of water while filling it in bottle, equal quantity of water may not be filled, delay due to natural activities of human etc. This problem faced by small industries compels us to take up this project. Our project is meant for small industries. It aims to eliminate problem faced by small scale bottle filling system. With this system that operates automatically, every process can be smooth and the process of refilling can reduce workers cost and operation time. The system operates by the program that designed to do the operation.

1.2                                                      PROBLEM STATEMENT

Recently there has been a rise of small scale producers of liquid products which include detergents, liquid soaps, fruit juices, milk products and bottled water. Manual filling methods being used are resulting in low production outputs and losses through spillages. This paper describes the design of a low cost automated bottle filling machine that was built to overcome problems discovered in the manual filling of liquid.

1.3                                                     AIM AND OBJECTIVES

AIM

The main of this work is to build an automatic bottle filling system that fills bottles at SME’s production rates

Specific Objectives

  1. To design an automated bottle filling system capable of filling 2 different volumes without reconfiguration
  2. To design an automated transfer unit for the filled bottles
  3. To design and integrate control algorithm for the transfer unit and the filling system

1.4                                                     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The scope of this work is on the design of a bottle filling machines which is multi-displinary in nature as aspects that relate to mechanical, electrical and software engineering are synergized. This paper describes the design of an automated bottle filling machines for mechatronic systems toward constrains such as higher performance, speed, precision, efficiency and lower costs.

1.5                                              SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The device minimizes human effort, improved production rate, reliability and flexibility. It is useful for small and medium scale industries. This type of industrial automation provides highly economic benefits.

1.6                                                  LIMITATION OF STUDY

As we all know that no human effort to achieve a set of goals goes without difficulties, certain constraints were encountered in the course of carrying out this project and they are as follows:-

  1. Difficulty in information collection: I found it too difficult in laying hands of useful information regarding this work and this course me to visit different libraries and internet for solution.
  2. Financial Constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet).
  • Time Constraint: The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
  1. Difficulty in parts gathering: I found it too difficult when gathering electronics parts used for the prototype.

1.7                                                         PROJECT ORGANISATION

The work is organized as follows: chapter one discuses the introductory part of the work, chapter two presents the literature review of the study, chapter three describes the methods applied, chapter four discusses the results of the work, chapter five summarizes the research outcomes and the recommendations.

 

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