Accessing the impact of advertising on product performance (a case study of p.z nigeria limited)

To examine the impact of good advertisement on the performance of the PZ product.

Original price was: ₦ 3,000.00.Current price is: ₦ 2,999.00.



Title page                                                                                 i

Certification                                                                                      ii

Dedication                                                                               iii

Acknowledgement                                                                             iv-v

Table of contents                                                                     vi-viii


1.1     Background of the study                                                         1-2

1.2     Aims and objective of the study                                              2-3

1.3     Significance of the study                                                          3

1.4     Statement of the problem                                                        4-5

1.5     Scope and limitation of the study                                  5-6

1.6     Definition of the study                                                   6-7

1.7     Historical background of the case study                        7-9


2.0     Literature review                                                            10-14

2.1     Concept of advertising                                                   14-16

2.2     Differences between advertising and promotion            16-18

2.3     The rational for advertising                                           18-19

2.4     The process of advertising                                             19-20

2.5     The impact of advertising                                              20-22

2.6     The importance of advertising                                       22-24

2.7     Problems of advertising                                                 24-26


3.0     Research methodology                                                   27

3.1     Population and sampling size                                        27

3.2    Research Approach                                                       27-28

3.3     Data Collection Instrument                                            28-29

3.4     Administration of instrument                                        30-31

3.5     Method of data analysis                                                31-32


Presentation of data analysis                                                   33

4.1     Introduction                                                                            33

4.2     Data presentation                                                          33-34

4.3     Data analysis                                                                 34-45


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1     Summary of findings                                                     46

5.2     Conclusion                                                                     47-48

5.3     Recommendation                                                           48-49

5.4     Suggestion for further studies                                        49-50

Appendix                                                                       51-52

References                                                                      53



          Advertising is one of the major tools companies use to direct persuasive communication to target buyers and the public. It consists of non-personal forms of communication conducted through paid media under clear sponsorship. The spender included not any commercial firms but museums, fund raisers and various social-action organization seeking to advertise their causes to various target public. Infact, the twenty-sixth largest advertising spender is an non-profit organization in the USA government. The advertising dollars goes into the various media: magazine, newspapers, space, radio and television, outdoor displays (poster, sions sky writing) direct mail novelties (match boxes, blotters calenders) card cars, but catalogue directories and circular. Advertising has many used, long term building of the organization image (Institutional Advertising) long term build up of a particular brand (brand advertising) information dissemination about a sales service (classified advertising) announcement of a special sales (sales advertising) and advocacy of a particular cause (advocacy advertising). Although; advertising is primarily a private enterprises marketing tools, it is used in all the countries of the world, including socialist countries. Advertising is a cost effective way to disseminate message, whether is to build brand preference for coca-cola all over the world or to motivate a developing nations consumers to drink milk or practice birth controls. Organization obtain their advertising in different ways. In small companies, advertising is handle by someone in the sales department who work with an advertising department , whose manager report to the vice-president to develop the total budget, approve advertising agency adverts and campaign and handle direct-mail advertising, dealer display and other firms of advertising not ordinarily performed by the agency.


The aims and objectives of the study are:

  1. To examine the impact of good advertisement on the performance of the PZ product.
  2. To examine the significance of advertisement on creation of awareness of the company product.
  3. To identify the relationship between advertisement and the price of the company product.
  4. To identify whether advertisement passes real message to the target audience.
  5. To determine the relationship between the advertisement and sales volume of the company product.
  6. The study will provide suggestion to improve advertisement strategies in the company.


          This research work would be so useful for researchers who intend to know the various terms in advertising and also useful for both the undergraduate and graduate in the field of business studies, purchasing and supply, marketing management and other related courses, as well as professional managers. The research is also useful to PZ Nigeria plc and other companies in our nation in industry for informing , reminding and persuading consumer about their product and to create better awareness as well for the newly established enterprises.


Severally, some individuals find it so difficult to started business, especially in environment like kwara state in some years ago, due to the lack of capital and the company find it difficult to start with little capital they have, as the company could not easily produce then future nearest, as a result of lack of capital, the company now decide to go back source of their financial. Lack of business:- since the company is not new business, people in the rural area  may not be aware of their existence in which case there is no market for their product , and there is many competitive from that competing with them. In order to solve this problem, they go on aggressive marketing strategy like product, business advertising, sponsoring essays, donation handbook, organization lectures, seminars, in order to beat the competitive product.

Finally is lack of qualify personal:- During the 1980, most of the workers has the low qualification and lack of train on manufacturing product, such of the company has to send some of their  staff to the polytechnic and some of morels institution of management, but the recent problem is lack of raw material since price has gone up as a result of subsidy in morels. So this has been cause uses of local raw materials, Despite the above problem pz Nigeria plc has been able to survived till today and is one of the leading one man business in morels with many branches throughout the whole federations.


This research work covers pz Nigeria plc Ilorin among all the private manufacturing companies in the entire (country) morels. This researcher work would cover management and staff of PZ company in Ilorin. There are many problem encountered by the researcher in producing this research as learners mostly in the area of getting advertising textbook which may be use in carrying out this research; financial constant is another big problem to considered faced by the researcher in the producing of the project. The researcher also face some organization policy, because some of  staff disclose some secret about the organization, additionally time factor, researcher face some conflicting programmes, such as project works and academic works, and attitude of the response when you get to the vital secret of the company, and the language barrier, some people will first ask about your tribe before answer your questions. Finally is lack of finance as a student.


Public Presentation:- Advertisement unlike personal selling is a highly public morel communication.

Pervasiveness:- advertisement is an pervasive media that passive media that persist in which the seller to repeat a message many time.

Amplified expressiveness:- It provide opportunity for dramatizing the company and its product, although it attract high cost of print, sound and colours.

Business:- This can be defined as the act of exchanging of goods and services; business can also be refers as the way of transacting business or goods and services which bring income at the end.

Finance:- Is the largest amount of money that incurred on a budget at a time.

Target:- is a specified amount of sales that a management set for achieving or exceeding within a company.

Media:- is a broadcasting instrument which make other people aware of a particular thing as a result of broadcasting , such as radio, television, space, magazine, newspaper etc.

Promotion:- is a moving or changing from one position to the other, promotion is an activity that support the further once of a cause venture or aims.


In 1879, George Patterson and George zochonis set up a trading post in sierra-Leone; afterward, in 1899 Paterson zochonis (PZ) opens a branch office in Nigeria. PZ cussons Nigeria is principally engaged in the manufacture, distribution and sale of a wide range products and home appliance, which are leading brand names across the country in detergent, soap, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, confectionery, refrigerators, freezers and air conditioners. The company also distributes the products of nutritional limited.

In 2011, the company recorded strong revenue growth in all its business units of personal care, home care, electronics and nutrition. In order to combat the threat facing manufacturing companies in Nigeria, PZ cussons has invested in improving its manufacturing and distribution facilities under the “project unity” program it concluded in 2010, with the upgrade of the white goods ( white goods are major household appliances) manufacturing and distribution facilities in Ilupeju, Lagos state. Also, the new detergent tower in Ikorodu, Lagos state, which was completed at the end of 2009, is now fully.

In 1920, Paterson zochonis began to trade in Cameroon. The company success was based on its intimate knowledge of the West Africa market, its network of trading contacts and the high reputation of its goods.

Although Paterson zochonis did not manufacture any of its export goods, these goods were branded with its own trademarks. One of its major export commodities was wax printed cotton fabrics. The role that Paterson zochonis played was that of a merchant converter. This means that Paterson zochonis took responsibility for acquiring supplies of grey cloth, the term for unbleached cotton fabric, and commissioning cotton printing companies to produce finished fabrics using designs produced by its own designed. The fabrics were stored and packed for export in its own warehouse.

Threats: PZ cussons is a manufacturing company, and thus is susceptible to the challenges facing the manufacturing businesses in Nigeria. These include; epileptic power supply, the country’s deficient infrastructure, credit squeeze, low purchasing power, high financing cost in the financial market among others.


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